Free Trade Agreement China Indonesia

Free Trade Agreement between China and Indonesia: Increasing Trade and Investment Opportunities

China and Indonesia are two of the largest economies in Asia, and they have been working to strengthen their economic ties in recent years. One of the ways they are doing this is through the negotiation and signing of a Free Trade Agreement (FTA). This agreement is expected to increase trade and investment opportunities between the two countries, benefiting businesses and consumers on both sides.

What is a Free Trade Agreement?

A Free Trade Agreement (FTA) is a bilateral or multilateral agreement that removes or reduces tariffs, quotas, and other trade barriers between participating countries. The goal of an FTA is to increase trade and investment flows, boost economic growth, and create jobs. FTAs also provide a framework for cooperation in other areas such as intellectual property rights, labor and environmental standards, and dispute settlement mechanisms.

China and Indonesia have been negotiating the FTA since 2015, and it was signed in November 2019. The agreement covers trade in goods, services, and investment, as well as cooperation in various sectors such as e-commerce, tourism, and intellectual property protection.

Benefits for China and Indonesia

The FTA is expected to benefit both China and Indonesia in several ways. For China, the agreement provides an opportunity to increase its exports to Indonesia, which is the largest economy in Southeast Asia and a growing market for Chinese products. China is already Indonesia`s largest trading partner, with bilateral trade reaching $79.4 billion in 2019. The FTA is expected to further boost this trade relationship, as it will eliminate tariffs on a wide range of products from both countries.

For Indonesia, the FTA will enable its businesses to access the large Chinese market, which has a population of over 1.4 billion people. Indonesian exports to China have been growing in recent years, particularly in the areas of palm oil, rubber, and coal. The FTA is expected to further increase these exports, as it will reduce or eliminate tariffs on many Indonesian products.

In addition to the economic benefits, the FTA is also expected to strengthen the overall relationship between China and Indonesia. The two countries have experienced some tensions in recent years over issues such as the South China Sea and Chinese investment in Indonesia. However, the FTA is seen as a positive step towards closer cooperation and partnership.

Challenges and Risks

Despite the potential benefits, the FTA between China and Indonesia also faces some challenges and risks. One challenge is the differing levels of economic development between the two countries, which may lead to unequal benefits. For example, Chinese companies may have a competitive advantage over Indonesian companies in certain industries.

Another challenge is the potential impact of the FTA on industries such as agriculture and manufacturing. Some sectors may face increased competition from Chinese imports, which could lead to job losses and other economic disruptions.

There are also political risks associated with the FTA, as it may be seen as a sign of Indonesia`s growing dependence on China. Some critics have raised concerns about the potential for Chinese influence over Indonesia`s economy and politics, particularly given China`s global economic ambitions and strategic interests.


The Free Trade Agreement between China and Indonesia is a significant development in the economic relationship between these two countries. The agreement is expected to increase trade and investment flows, benefit businesses and consumers on both sides, and strengthen overall cooperation. However, the FTA also faces challenges and risks, which must be carefully managed to ensure that the benefits are shared equitably and that the agreement does not harm any particular sectors or industries. As the two countries move forward with implementing the FTA, they will need to work together to address these challenges and build a strong, mutually beneficial economic partnership.

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